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Entrepreneurs, don’t forget your tax-deductible expenses!


The deadline to send your documents is Monday April 30, 2019.

Self-employed workers:

In the case of self-employed workers, the deadline is extended until June 15, 2019, indicate Revenu Québec and the Canada Revenue Agency.

If a tax balance is due, however, it must be paid no later than April 30, 2019.

If you do not pay your tax balance on time, Revenu Québec’s penalties are 5% of the unpaid balance on the due date for filing the return.

An additional penalty of 1% per month of delay may then be added.


Business start-up costs

You can deduct expenses that preceded the operation of the business. However, in order to be able to deduce start-up costs , you were to operate the business in the fiscal year in which you incurred the expense.

Training costs

You can deduct the cost of a training course as an employment expense. The course should be used to maintain, update or improve your skills or qualities already acquired for the needs of your job.

Also, your RBQ courses at Formation Construction are tax deductible!

Business supplies

You can deduct the cost of items used by your business that are indirectly used in the production of goods and services.

Business taxes, membership fees, permits and dues

Business taxes, membership fees, licenses, and dues are deductible, but you cannot deduct dues, including membership fees, that you have paid to a club whose primary activities are fundraising. catering, leisure or sporting services.

The contributions to a professional order give right to a 20% tax credit in Quebec. This tax credit can also be claimed by a self-employed worker.

Office expenses

You can deduct the cost of small items like pencils, ballpoint pens, stamps, paper clips, and stationery. Do not include desks, chairs, filing cabinets, and calculators, as they are considered capital property.

Business use of the residence

For example, if your home area is 1,500 square meters and your office area is 300 square meters, your office occupies 20% of your total home area. You can therefore deduct 20% of a large number of expenses for using your home as part of the business use fees on your tax return.

you can deduct expenses that you paid for the maintaining your home office such: electricity, heating, various supplies, insurance premium, rent or mortgage interest, property taxes, housekeeping if you call on an outside person, home insurance.

You cannot count the value of your own labor in deductible business expenses for maintenance and repairs.

Salaries, wages and benefits

You can deduct gross salaries and other benefits you pay to your employees, such as Canada Pension Plan contributions, and Employment Insurance contributions.

If you are sick and that you touch salary insurance during part of the year, you can obtain a tax credit by deducting of this income the Insurance premium salary that you have paid to your insurer over the years.

Trip costs

These costs include:

  • the cost of public transport
  • accommodation
  • meals

In most cases, the 50% rule applies to the cost of meals, beverages and entertainment that you incur during a trip.


You can deduct the rent incurred for property that you use in your business. For example, you can deduct the rent for the land and building where your business is located.

Management and administration costs

You can deduct management and administration fees, including bank charges that you incurred to operate your business. Bank charges include payment processing fees.

Interest and bank charges

You can deduct interest on money you borrow to run a business or to buy a business for business purposes. Consult the CRA website to know the applicable limits

Property taxes

You can deduct the property taxes you paid for the land and building where your business is located. Note that you must deduct property taxes for the commercial use of the residence as part of the cost of using the residence for business purposes.

Telephone and utilities

You can deduct telephone and utility expenses, such as gas, heating oil, electricity, water, and cable, that you incurred to earn income.

Internet charges from your principal place of business can be fully deducted. However, in the case of a home office, it is only possible to deduce the portion of the Internet used in your workspace. You need to assess how long the Internet is used for your business purposes.


You can deduct all regular commercial insurance premiums on all of the buildings, machinery and equipment you use in your business. You have to deduct insurance expenses related to your motor vehicle as a motor vehicle expense.

Irrecoverable debts

You can deduct the amount of a bad debt if you have already included it in your income.


You can deduct advertising expenses, including advertisements on Canadian radio and television stations and in Canadian newspapers. Digital advertising is also tax deductible.

Charitable donations

Report your charitable donations and claim your tax credits when you file your tax return.


Find out more:

Canada Business Expenses

Came back to Quebec

31 October 2022

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