Competency card (exact term: competency certificate) and RBQ license are not the same things.
If you hold an RBQ license you can work on a site even if you do not have a CCQ competency card but under certain conditions.
A competency card allows you to work on a construction site subject to law R-20.
Law R-20 governs labor relations in the construction industry and specializes in each of the following specific areas: residential, commercial, industrial-institutional and roads.
A competency card issued by the CCQ makes it possible to work on a site within the framework of the specialty which is recognized by professional training and / or experience and the passing of a verification exam. It is called a certificate of “competence”
Work subject to Law R-20 = Competency card
Almost all construction work is subject to Law R-20.
In the residential sector, the doubt lies above all in the renovation sector.
If the building brings a benefit to its owner, and / or that the building has a public aspect (the parties of a condo building), and / or the building is enlarged and / or its structure is transformed during works, it is necessary to have a map of competence.
If the work is carried out in a single-family home or in a housing, provided that the owner is the occupant and does not withdraws no rental income or other, no skill card is required.
Maintenance, repair, renovation and modification of a home by and for the person who living (residential renovation by the occupant) are not covered by the Act respecting labor relations, vocational training and management the R-20 workforce.
What the Law R-20 says:
SCOPE AND EXECUTION OF CONSTRUCTION WORK
1998, c. 46, s. 86.
- This law applies to employers and employees in the construction industry; however, it does not apply:
9 ° the following work, carried out for a natural person, acting for his own account and for his personal and exclusively non-profit purposes:
- maintenance, repair, renovation and modification of a home in which she lives;
- construction of a garage or a shed annexed to a dwelling in which she lives, whether it is contiguous or not;
For work on a garage that does not is used only for the owner’s personal use, or on a shed adjacent to a non-profit single-family home, these are also not governed by law R-20.
On the other hand, if part of the garage is used as storage for tenants, the work must be carried out by a contractor holding an RBQ license with employees holding the required skills cards, since the garage is no longer used for exclusive and personal purposes. to the owner.
We already know that in the case of building your House single family or a book for your use staff or that of your family, you do not have to hold an RBQ license as a person physical, except for work related to an installation intended to use gas, petroleum product or electrical installation. But what is it skill cards?
Other people will take part in your work
The presence, on your own construction site, of people not qualified, unauthorized or improperly remunerated may expose you to prosecution by the CCQ.
If you rely on friends or family members to help you build or expand your house, you must be in good standing, as these could be considered like salaried workers.
If this is the case, they will have to hold competency cards from the CCQ.
In the event that the person who builds his house does not hold a competency card issued by the CCQ, then he and his friends or family members are only authorized to carry out certain work.
Among the authorized works are:
- Works of interior and exterior painting
- Related works to interior surfaces such as floor, wall and ceiling coverings, as well as similar or related work
- Related works marble, granite, ceramic, terrazzo and other similar materials
- Related works to interior doors and windows
- The works no structural wood or plastic (such as finishing work)
- The works that concern cabinets and counters
- All works similar or related to the cases previously mentioned
Apart from these works, the employment of unqualified volunteers is totally prohibited.
Act as an employer
If you hire workers for carry out your construction or renovation work, you become automatically an employer.
The CCQ has certain requirements with regard to the hiring of workers, including that of hiring only workers with skills cards.
If the work involves an income building (rental housing) that you own, or a house expansion project, you must employ workers with a skill card issued by the Commission de la construction du Québec (CCQ).
Whether you do all the work or entrust part of it to specialized contractors, you are acting as the prime contractor. You must therefore have:
- A RBQ owner-builder license
- A CCQ competency card, if you participate in the work (adapted to work)
Work in the common areas of a condominium
It is possible to carry out voluntary maintenance or repair work in the common areas of a condominium of up to 4 units provided you are owner-occupant.
The CCQ specifies that maintenance and repair work should not be confused with renovation work. Thus, the authorized works are exactly the same as those authorized for self-construction.
He you will therefore be allowed to paint the existing walls, replace the tiles broken ceramic, sand and varnish an existing wood floor and lay drywall on walls to repair holes.
Volunteer work for the benefit of a company
On this subject, the CCQ is extremely clear: it is forbidden to perform voluntary work in a company with more than 10 employees. If the company has less than 10 employees, then the volunteer work allowed is exactly the same as for the other categories discussed in this article.
Completion of work
The completion of work is part of the continuity of the construction of a building and therefore requires skills cards.
Electricity, fuel oil and gas
Whether it is the owner’s home or rental accommodation, electrical work and the installation of oil or gas appliances must always be carried out by workers with the appropriate skills card.
For know the exclusions defined by the Law on labor relations, vocational training and management of labor force in the construction industry (Law R-20) , visit the website of the Commission de la construction du Québec .
Construction : foundation, erection, maintenance, renovation, repair, modification and demolition of buildings and civil engineering works carried out on the site of the site and on the job, including preliminary work to develop the soil.
Repair: Repair is a repair following deterioration due to lack of maintenance or obsolescence (age). Ex: Repairing a hole in a drywall.
Interview : Maintenance work consists of keeping property in good condition on a regular basis. This work helps prevent deterioration or wear.
Renovation : These are operations aimed at improving or modernizing a good or a structure, without changing its purpose or the use for which it is intended.
Modification: Modification results in structural changes made to a building, room or structure, to meet a new use. Ex: We separate a bedroom into two distinct rooms to create a new space.